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Astronomic 
& Cosmographic Data

Science Mysteries


Solar System

Planet
Equatorial Radius (km)
Orbital Period in days
Semi-major axis of orbit in AU
Mercury
2439
87.97046
0.387099
Venus
6051
224.69815
0.723326
Earth
6378.14
365.25636053
1.000018
Mars
3393.4
686.9257
1.523638
Jupiter
71,398
4332.23025
5.20248
Saturn
60,000
10,800.4425
9.56329
Uranus
25,400
30,953.4765
19.2937
Neptune
24,300
60,839.6925
30.2743
Pluto
1500
91,305.195
39.6823
Solar Radius     696,000    

Astronomical Unit = AU = 149,597,870 km

Velocity of Light (in a vacuum) 
c = 299,792,458 meters per second
   = 186,282.4 miles per second.      

Earth and Moon

CONSTANT

NUMERIC VALUE

Earth, Radius, Equatorial

3963.19245606 mi.
6,378,140 m

Earth, Circumference, Equatorial

24,901.4726094 mi.
40,075,035.5351 m

Earth, Circumference, Mean

24,873.492365 mi.
40,030,005.6967 m

Earth, Arc Degree, Mean

69.0933962964 mi.
111,1950.42769 m

Earth, Radius, Mean

3958.73926185 mi.
6,370,973.27862 m

Earth, Radius, Polar

3949.90462476 mi.
6,356,755.28816 m

Flattening, axis ratio

0.996647186822

Flattening inverse

298.257

Flattening of the Earth

0.0033528131779

Inclination, Lunar Orbit, Mean

5.1453964

Wobble, Lunar Orbit Inclination

0.0025

Moon, Distance

384,399,070 m

Lunar Orbit Eccentricity

0.054900489

Moon, Radius, Mean

1,738,000 m

Obliquity of the Ecliptic

23.439291111

Solar distance

149,597,870,000 m

Geographical Mile

1,855.32571922 m

Periodicity

Saros Cycle is an eclipse cycle of 242 nodal months, 223 synodic periods, 239 anomalistic months and 17 eclipse years.

242 x 27.21222 = 6585.357425
223 x 29.53059 = 6585.321321
239 x 27.55455 = 6585.536614
19 x 346.62006 = 6585.781197

Metonic Cycle is a cycle that produces the same phase of the moon on the same date of the tropical year every 19 years.

235 x 29.53059 = 6939.688388
255 x 27.21222 = 6939.116295
19 x 365.24219 = 6939.601660

MODULES

in degrees

Lunar Motion per Mean Rotation

13.1403824445

Mean Daily Lunar Motion

13.1763582244

Solar Orbit per Day

0.985609119791

Solar Orbit per Sidereal Rotation

0.982918083604

Solar Orbit per Nodal Month

26.8206129544

Solar Orbit per Sidereal Month

26.9284788014

Solar Orbit per Synodic Month

29.1056177173


Periodicity Formulas

Sidereal Orbit

(365.25636042 + 1.1 x 10-7 TE) days

Tropical Year

(365.24219878 - 6.14 x 10-6 TE) days

Eclipse Year

(346.620031 + 3.2 x 10-5 TE) days

Anomalistic Year

(365.25964134 + 3.04 x 10-6 TE) days

Sidereal Lunar Orbit

(27.3216610 - 2.0 x 10-7 T) days

Lunar Mean Daily Sidereal Motion

(13.1763582975 - 1.0224 x 10-8 T)

Lunar Synodical Period

(29.5305992 - 2.0 x 10-7 T) days

Centenial General Precession Longitude

(1.396291666... + 0.0006180555...T)

 
Given TE = Julian centuries from day 0.5, 1900 ET
Given T = Tropical centuries from 1900.0 N

Definitions

Sidereal Orbit is a revolution relative to a fixed celestial position.
Sidereal Noon is the instant of transit of mean equinox relative to a fixed meridian position.
Fundamental Epoch
of Sidereal Time
(FE) is the instant 12 hours, 0 days, 1900 years A.D. with hours in mean sidereal time.
Ephemeris Time is the actual count of solar days from a fixed meridian.
Tropical Year (YT) is the period from equinox to equinox.
Eclipse Year (YE) is the period between the earth and lunar orbit planes node crossings.
Temporal Unit (TU) is 36,525 mean solar days since Jan. 0.5, 1900, UT.
Greenwich Mean
Sidereal Time (GT)
= 0.0 hours UT = 12 hours + aFMS
Universal Time (UT) has replaced Mean Solar Time due to a recognition of the non-uniform rotation rate of the earth.
Lunar Synodic Period (S9) is the period of time from one full or new moon to another, that is the time between consecutive alignments of the sun, earth and moon on a plane perpendicular to the plane of solar revolution.
Precession (PR) is the retrograde rotation of the earth's axis relative to fixed celestial reference.
Annual Parallax is the viewpoint difference due to the change in the earth's position relative to the sun. For the nearest star the angle is about 0.000222.
Annual Aberration is the angular shift in apparent position resulting from motion velocity of viewing from orbiting (moving) earth.
Diurnal Parallax is the viewpoint difference due to the rotation of the earth. The amount varies with the latitude of the observer.
Diurnal Aberration is the result of observing from a spining observing position on the surface of the earth. Velocity of the observer causes apparent shift to a maximum correction of about 0.0008333 at the equator.
Atmospheric Refraction is the bending of light rays by the earth's atmosphere.

GRAVITY

Mass of the Sun = 1.9891 x 1030 kg
Mass of the Earth
= 5.974 x 1024 kg
Mass of the Moon
= 7.348031948 x 1022 kg


References:


Archaeoastronomy

According to Harleston*, he principle unit of measurement as used by Teotihuanacos was a length of  1.059463 metres.  Translated into feet this is 3.47593ft and is accurate to within one part in 19,000 of the double royal Egyptian cubit of 3.4757485ft, in later works he refined the figure still further to be correct to within five decimal places of this length, of which he was at that time unaware.  
He called the measure a
hunab, which in the Aztec language means "unified measure", and the hunab is exactly eight to seven of the Aztec betan, which means "yard".

[* http://www.secretacademy.com/pages/hughharleston.htm]

Table of ancient measurement units and origins (compiled by Jim Allen*)

1 English inch = 25.399772mm taken as 25.4mm

1 English inch = 1/500,000 part of Earth's polar diameter
half inch = 1,000,000,000 part of Earth's polar diameter

1 palm = 3 inches
1 pound weight was originally the weight of a cube of 3 x 3 x 3 inches filled with water
a cubic foot originally weighed 64lbs and contained 8 gallons
a modern cubic foot weighs 62.137lbs and contains 6.2 gallons

Foot

English 12.0" (304.8mm) derived from polar diameter

Saxon 13.2" (335.3mm) 20 Sumerian shusi

Roman (1) 13.18" (335.0mm) similar to Saxon foot

Roman (2) 11.65" (295.9mm) 24/25ths of the Greek foot

Paris (1) 12.785" (324.74mm) 1/6th of toise diameter of wheel

Paris (2) 12.789" (324.84mm) diameter of wheel

Russian 14.0" (355.6mm) diameter of wheel

Greek 12.136" (308.3mm) Greece latitude

Babylon 12.126" (308.0mm) Babylon latitude and Phoenicia

Egypt (1) 12.118" (307.8mm) Egypt latitude

Egypt (2) 11.81" (300.0mm) circumference as pi 3141592653

Remen 14.58" (370.3mm) mean of latitudes

Cubit

Egyptian Royal (1) 20.62" (523.7mm) circumference of earth in atur

Egyptian Royal (2) 20.6264" (523.9mm) diameter of earth in atur

Egyptian Royal (3) 20.669" (525.0mm) circumference as pi 3141592653

EgyptianRoyal (4) 20.72" (526.3mm) circumference as 40,000,000mtrs

Sumerian 19.8" (502.9mm) 24/25ths of Egyptian Royal cubit

Greek 18.205" (462.4mm) Greece latitude

Babylon 18.1889" (462.0mm) Babylon latitude and Phoenicia

Egypt Geographic(1) 18.177" (461.7mm) Egypt latitude

Egypt Geographic(2) 17.716" (450.0mm) circumference as pi 3141592653

Sacred Cubit = 25 inches

Great Cubit = 30 inches = sacred cubit of 25" plus a hand of 5"

Megalithic Yard

Britain 2.72ft 32.64" (829.0mm) year of 365 days

Sumeria 2.750ft 33.0" (838.2mm) year of 360 days

India 2.750ft 33.0" (838.2mm) year of 360 days

Peru 2.750ft 33.0" (838.2mm) year of 360 days

Statute Mile 5280ft or 8 furlongs of 240 Sumerian yards

Geographic Mile

6076.8884ft mean of meridians latitude

6056.97ft Egypt middle latitude

6062.99ft Babylon latitude

6068.46ft Greece latitude

6046.3418ft equatorial latitude

6087.268ft equatorial longitude

6107.7755ft polar latitude

Nautical mile 6080.00ft Admiralty sea mile

1 Sumerian shusi = 0.66"
10 Sumerian Shusi = 6.6" = 1 hand
12 Sumerian Shusi = 7.2" = 1 link
20 Sumerian shusi = 13.2" = 1 foot
30 Sumerian Shusi = 19.8" = 1 cubit
50 Sumerian Shusi = 33.0" = 1 Sumerian yard
100 Sumerian Shusi = 66.0" = 1 double Sumerian yard

1 acre = 600 x 60 Sumerian feet = 36,000 sq Sumerian feet
1 acre = 660 x 66 English feet = 43,560 sq English feet
1 pole = 15 Sumerian feet
1 pole = 16.5 English feet
1 chain = 20 Sumerian feet
1 chain = 22 English feet
1 furlong = 600 Sumerian feet
1 furlong = 660 English feet

1 Royal cubit of 21 inches rolls out a double Sumerian yard of 66" or 2 Sumerian yards

1 metre = 1/10,000,000 part of the Earth's quadrant circumference
1 litre = a cube of 100mm x 100mm x 100mm
1 kilogram = the weight of a cube of 100mm x 100mm x 100mm filled with water

[* Source: Historic Atlantis in Bolivia]
Related links: Measurements and Units


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